Lange was founded in 1845 by Ferdinand Adolph Lange in the town of Glashütte, near Dresden, in the state of Saxony, Germany. It’s the only non-Swiss watch on our list. Under Ferdinand, and then, following his death, his sons Emil and Richard, Lange produced upscale pocket watches. Under subsequent generations of the Lange family, the company continued to produce pocket watches and, like many German watchmakers, produced oversized wristwatches for use by German airmen in World War II. In 1948, the post-war Soviet administration nationalized the company’s property, and the Lange brand ceased to exist. However, in December 1990, following German reunification, the founder’s great-grandson Walter Lange (together with watch industry executive Günter Blümlein) restored the company with the assistance of several Swiss watch manufacturers. These included IWC and Jaeger- LeCoultre. The “new” Lange is based in Glashütte. They presented their first range of wristwatches in 1994. Today, A. Lange & Söhne wristwatches are sold globally. Lange, like IWC, is a member of the Richemont group. Lange is probably the best made traditional wrist watch—rivaled perhaps by only Greubel in terms detailed craftsmanship. It produces in the neighborhood of 5,000 watches per year, and compared to the alleged 70,000 watches that some experts claim Patek makes, is on the smaller scale. An entry level Lange can be acquired under $20,000.